“Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a collaborative conversation style for strengthening a person’s own motivation and commitment to change”. – Miller and Rollnick, 2012
MI is an empirically-supported treatment approach developed by Miller and Rollnick (1991, 2002), which helps individuals resolve ambivalence toward change and allows them to draw on internal strengths and resources. MI recognizes that individuals pressured to change often become resistant. In contrast, creating safe conditions and eliciting from those individuals the desire to change increases the likelihood individuals will explore and resolve problematic patterns of behaviour.
MI helps us think differently about change, we learn that information alone is not synonymous with change and that no person is completely unmotivated. We also believe that ambivalence to change is normal, and therefore motivation and resistance are highly responsive to practitioner style.
The primary goals of MI are as follows
- Minimize resistance.
- Create and amplify, from the client’s perspective, a discrepancy between present behaviour and his or her broader goals and values.
- Resolve ambivalence.
- Recognize, Elicit, and Strengthen and “change talk”.
MI is an evidence-based communication style
- Supported by 200+ clinical trials and 1000+ publications across a spectrum of health and social concerns.
- Identified as Best Practice within a number of health and social service areas.
- Proven to reduce resistance & increase readiness for change.
- A brief intervention.
- Learnable, measurable, and effective cross-culturally.
- Complimentary with other approaches.
Organizations that would benefit from MI Training
- Employment service providers (Vocational Rehabilitation and Government Assistance).
- Primary Health Providers.
- Service providers working with youth and youth-at-risk.
- Child Protection Providers.
- Probation officers and other correctional services for ex-offenders.
- Aboriginal (First Nations, Métis and Inuit) communities (leadership and frontline staff).
- Organizational Development/Learning Institutions.
- Integration services providers working with newcomers to Canada.
- Teachers and resource staff.
- Religious institutions offering community programs.